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A Shopkeeper's Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815-1837

By Paul E. Johnson

A quarter-century after its first book, A Shopkeeper's Millennium is still a landmark work--brilliant either as a brand new interpretation of the intimate connections between politics, economic climate, and faith throughout the moment nice Awakening, and as a stunning portrait of a quickly starting to be frontier urban. The non secular revival that remodeled the USA within the 1820s, making it the main militantly Protestant state on the earth and spawning reform hobbies devoted to temperance and to the abolition of slavery, had a particularly strong impression in Rochester, long island. Paul E. Johnson explores the explanations for the revival's unbelievable luck there, suggesting very important hyperlinks among its ethical accounting and the city's new business global. In a brand new preface, he reassesses his proof and his conclusions during this significant work.

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The pages that keep on with try a scientific clarification of Charles Finney’s revival in Rochester. The try out isn't really established upon travelers’ stories, theological disputes, or the recollections of ministers, even though it uses them all. the focal point is upon the biographies of the converts themselves, reconstructed from church files, newspapers, genealogical fabrics, tax lists, urban directories, census schedules, petitions despatched from Rochester to numerous firms of presidency, and a stunning variety of diaries and letters left via contributors within the revival. those fabrics are used to put Finney’s converts inside of 4 an important spheres of social event: household existence, paintings, neighborhood family members, and politics. the 1st bankruptcy determines the results of migration and participation within the boom-town economic climate upon marketers and their households. bankruptcy II describes the transformation of labor and neighborhood relationships within the 1820s. Chapters III and IV research the institutional and ideological framework of politics within the 1820s, and survey the temperance, Sabbatarian, and Antimasonic crusades of these years. The 5th bankruptcy describes the revival itself. The 6th describes its aftermath. 1 financial system CHARLES FINNEY got here to Rochester through the Erie Canal within the autumn of 1830. The course from Albany took him throughout the Mohawk Valley, then onto the large simple that varieties the southern shore of Lake Ontario. The final fifty miles gone through lately settled land, and on each side of the canal Finney observed farmhouses and bustling villages surrounded through unending yellow wheatfields. East of the Genesee River, the fields stopped without notice and Rochester begun. Finney’s boat crossed a line of latest shops and homes, handed excessive over the river on a stone aqueduct, and added him to the guts of the nation’s most recent urban. It used to be a urban with the feel and appear of a rustic city. 1 close to the boat touchdown Finney picked his manner via horses and wagons that traveling farmers had left on the valuable intersection. Glancing east, he observed and heard kingdom humans hawking produce from stalls at the bridge over the Genesee, whereas beneath them the famed Rochester turbines floor mountains of neighborhood wheat into flour. A part block west, farmers auctioned wagons and cattle from the stairs of a pretentious new courthouse. throughout from the courthouse, sidewalks have been clogged with farm households and with screens of boots and garments, nails, butter churns, farm instruments, hats, and different uncomplicated synthetic items. Had Finney regarded upstairs or into the again rooms of a few of the shops, he might have came across that almost all Rochesterians have been engaged in making these items. The streets have been stuffed not just with farmers and retailers yet with what Finney can have felt was once an uncomfortable variety of city workingmen. Turning south on Fitzhugh highway, the evangelist handed among stately Episcopal and Presbyterian church buildings and left the downtown crowds in the back of. ahead of him stretched a quiet, tree-lined block of Greek Revival mansions.

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