By Tadeusz Kowalik, Eliza Lewandowska
Within the Nineteen Eighties and 90s, popular Polish economist Tadeusz Kowalik performed a number one position within the unity flow, suffering along employees for an alternative choice to “really-existing socialism” that was once cooperative and regulated through the employees themselves. within the resulting 20 years, “really-existing” socialism has collapsed, capitalism has been restored, and Poland is now one of the so much unequal nations on the planet. Kowalik asks, how may well this ensue in a rustic that when had the most important and so much militant exertions stream in Europe?
This publication takes readers contained in the debates inside of harmony, educational and highbrow circles, and the Communist social gathering over the way forward for Poland and competing visions of society. Kowalik argues that the mess ups of the Communist occasion, mixed with the ability of the Catholic Church and interference from the USA, subverted efforts to construct a cooperative and democratic monetary order within the Nineties. as an alternative, Poland was once subjected to a harsh go back to the industry, leading to the wildly unequal distribution of the nation’s effective property—often within the fingers of former political rulers, who, besides overseas vendors, represent the recent capitalist classification. Kowalik aptly phrases the transformation from command to industry economic climate an epigone bourgeois revolution, and asks if a brand new social transformation remains to be attainable in Poland.