By David Priestland
Communism used to be the most robust political and highbrow events the realm has ever visible. on the top in their effect, Communists managed greater than a 3rd of the earth's floor. yet maybe extra staggering than its speedy upward push and impressive succeed in used to be Communism's unexpected, devastating cave in in November of 1989. within the pink Flag, Oxford professor David Priestland tells the epic tale of a circulation that has taken root in dozens of nations throughout 2 hundred years, from its start after the French Revolution to its ideological adulthood in nineteenth-century Germany to its upward thrust to dominance (and next fall) within the 20th century. starting with the 1st glossy Communists within the age of Robespierre, Priestland examines the reasons of thinkers and leaders together with Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, Castro, Che Guevara, Mao, Ho Chi Minh, Gorbachev, and so forth. He additionally asks what it was once approximately Communism that encouraged its rank and file--whether the militants of Nineteen Twenties Russia, the guerrilla warring parties of China, or the scholars of Ethiopia--and explores the adventure of what it intended to stay less than Communism for its thousands of matters. He indicates how Communism, in all its kinds, appealed to various societies for various purposes, in a few as a reaction to inequalities and in others extra out of a wish to meet up with the West. yet mockingly, whereas destroying one internet of inequality, Communist leaders have been concurrently weaving one other. It used to be this dynamic, including frequent monetary failure and an escalating lack of religion within the approach, that finally destroyed Soviet Communism itself. At a time while international capitalism is in drawback and robust new political forces have arisen to confront Western democracy, The pink Flag is key analyzing if we're to use the teachings of the earlier to navigating the longer term.